• S. Shamsuddin
  • K. Argenan
  • S.R. Kamat 1Fakulti Kejuruteraan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia. 2Tokushima Malaysia Academic Center (TMAC), Tokushima University, 2-1 Minamihosanjima-cho, 770-8506, Japan.
  • M.H. Nordin 3London Southbank University, 103 Borough Road, London SE1 00A, United Kingdom.


Human-robot interaction (HRI) field investigates how humans interact with robots. This project develops a simple robot with HRI features to solve the waiting problem of hospital patients and visitors to get attention from nurses. Interactive features of the robot include a LCD touchscreen mounted on a line-following mobile platform and a wireless remote call button. SolidWorks 2013 software was utilized to design the outlook of the HRI robot. The best conceptual design with safe and user-friendly features was fabricated. Using Proteus, the electrical circuit was simulated and the Nextion Editor created the Graphical User Interface (GUI) for the LCD display. Programming for Arduino Mega controller involved infrared sensor, DC motors, ultrasonic sensor and RF module. The completer robot has features including line following, obstacle avoidance, remote call button and carries bottled drinking water. Its LCD boost a GUI system and a cartoon game. Reliability tests were conducted to establish the robot’s viability and functionality. Usability test at the ward in UTeM Health Center showed that the patient volunteers could communicate with and able to request for services provided by the robot. This indicates that the simple robot with HRI features was able to interact with patients in real hospital environment.


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How to Cite
Shamsuddin, S., Argenan, K., Kamat, S., & Nordin, M. (1). DEVELOPMENT OF A SIMPLE MOBILE ROBOT FOR HUMAN-ROBOT INTERACTION IN HEALTH CARE ENVIRONMENT. Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology (JAMT), 12(1(4), 159-172. Retrieved from