• M.H. Amirhafizan
  • M.Y. Yuhazri
  • H. Sihombing
  • E.P. Malau
Keywords: Stitching, Woven Kenaf, Natural Fibre, Polymer, Composite


Nowadays, an increased interest in environmental awareness and use of eco-friendly composites towards the natural fibre such as kenaf fibre usage as reinforcement in composites have been shown by the researchers and industry. In this study, an experimental investigation was conducted to discover the effect of stitching patterns on woven kenaf fabric. The woven kenaf fibre and epoxy resin was used as a reinforcement and matrix. The composite samples was prepared by using hot press technique. It was found that the V and T60 samples was improved the tensile performance about 69.91 % and 41.37 % respectively. It was also shown that the highest specific strength is V stitch pattern with the increment of 34.60 % compared to unstitched sample. This can be concluded that, the angle of stitch direction gave significant effect on specific strength performance. Implications of the results and future research directions are also presented.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

E.P. Malau

4Faculty of Computer Science,

Universitas Katolik Santo Thomas, Jl. Setia Budi,

Medan, Sumatera Utara, 20135, Indonesia.


[1] A. Ali, K. Shaker, Y. Nawab, M. Jabbar, T. Hussain, J. Militky and V. Baheti, “Hydrophobic treatment of natural fibers and their composites—A review”, Journal of Industrial Textiles, vol. 47, no. 8, pp. 2153-2183, 2018.

[2] R. Sepe, F. Bollino, L. Boccarusso, and F. Caputo, “Influence of chemical treatments on mechanical properties of hemp fiber reinforced composites”, Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 133, pp. 210-217, 2018.

[3] P. Madhu, M.R. Sanjay, P. Senthamaraikannan, S. Pradeep, S.S. Saravanakumar and B. Yogesha, “A review on synthesis and characterization of commercially available natural fibers: Part-I”, Journal of Natural Fibers, vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 1132-1144, 2019.

[4] M.Y. Yuhazri, M.H. Amirhafizan, A. Abdullah, S.H. Yahaya and S.T.W. Lau, “Potentiality of Utilising Non-Woven Kenaf Fibre Composite for Car Door Map Pocket”, Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 129-138, 2017.

[5] M.Y. Yuhazri, M.H. Amirhafizan, A. Abdullah, H. Sihombing, A.B. Saarah and O.M. Fadzol, “The Effect of Various Weave Designs on Mechanical Behavior of Lamina Intraply Composite Made from Kenaf Fiber Yarn”, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 160, pp. 1-10, 2016.

[6] W. Ashraf, Y. Nawab, M. Umair, K. Shaker and M. Karahan, “Investigation of mechanical behavior of woven/knitted hybrid composites”, The Journal of The Textile Institute, vol. 108, no. 9, pp. 1510-1517, 2017.

[7] A. Alavudeen, N. Rajini, S. Karthikeyan, M. Thiruchitrambalam and N. Venkateshwaren, “Mechanical properties of banana/kenaf fiber-reinforced hybrid polyester composites: Effect of woven fabric and random orientation”, Materials & Design, vol. 66, pp. 246-257, 2015.

[8] K.T. Tan, N. Watanabe and Y. Iwahori, “Effect of stitch density and stitch thread thickness on low-velocity impact damage of stitched composites”, Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, vol. 41, no. 12, pp. 1857-1868, 2010.

[9] M. Ravandi, W.S. Teo, L.Q.N. Tran, M.S. Yong and T.E. Tay, “Low velocity impact performance of stitched flax/epoxy composite laminates”, Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 117, pp. 89-100, 2017.

[10] K. Pingkarawat and A.P. Mouritz, “Stitched mendable composites: Balancing healing performance against mechanical performance” Composite Structures, vol. 123, pp. 54-64, 2015.

[11] S.A. Suhaimi, N. Hassim, M.A. Nor, M.R. Ahmad and J. Salleh, “The effect of stitch density and stitching patterns on the puncture resistance of high strength plain woven fabric”, Current Trends Fashion Technology Textile Engineering, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 1-7, 2018.

[12] M. Cordin, T. Bechtold and T. Pham, “Effect of fibre orientation on the mechanical properties of polypropylene–lyocell composites”, Cellulose, vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 7197-7210, 2018.

[13] J.H.S. Almeida, C.C. Angrizani, E.C. Botelho and S.C. Amico,”Effect of fiber orientation on the shear behavior of glass fiber/epoxy composites”, Materials & Design, vol. 65, pp. 789-795, 2015.

[14] A.R.R. Menon, I.C. Ezema, C.S. Obayi and A.D. Omah, “Effect of surface treatment and fiber orientation on the tensile and morphological properties of Banana Stem Fiber Reinforced Natural Rubber Composite”, Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 216-222, 2014.

[15] R.B. Cheikh, A. Michel and S. Billington, “Mechanical characterization and modelling of poly (ß-hydroxybutyrate)-co-poly (ß-hydroxybutyrate)-Alfa fiber-reinforced composite”, Polymer Composites, vol. 35, no. 9, pp. 1758-1766, 2014.

[16] Lasikun, D. Ariawan, E. Surojo and J. Triyono, “Effect of fiber orientation on tensile and impact properties of Zalacca Midrib fiber-HDPE composites by compression molding” AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1931, no. 1, pp. 030060-1-030060-5, 2018.

[17] J. Luedtke, M. Gaugler, W.J. Grigsby and A. Krause, “Understanding the development of interfacial bonding within PLA/wood-based thermoplastic sandwich composites” Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 127, pp. 129-134, 2019.

[18] M. Gaugler, J. Luedtke, W.J. Grigsby and A. Krause, “A new methodology for rapidly assessing interfacial bonding within fibre-reinforced thermoplastic composites”, International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, vol. 89, pp. 66-71, 2019.

[19] A. Saboktakin, “3D textile preforms and composites for aircraft structures: a review”, International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1-40, 2019.
How to Cite
Amirhafizan, M., Yuhazri, M., Sihombing, H., & Malau, E. (2019). EFFECT OF STITCHING ON TENSILE PROPERTIES OF KENAF FABRIC REINFORCED POLYPROPYLENE. Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology (JAMT), 13(3). Retrieved from https://jamt.utem.edu.my/jamt/article/view/5737