TRACKING THE EYE-MIND RELATIONSHIP OF POSITIVE EMOTION USING EYE TRACKING TECHNIQUE
This article presents an exploration and investigation of the eye movement features to track the eye-mind relationship through eye tracking device during video clips of positive emotional stimulation. The relationship of eyes gazing behavior with human mind is a challenging topic. Many parameters of the eyes gazing behavior is yet to be explored namely pupil size and pupil dilation. Since pupil size is one of the indicators of the brain’s activity studies on eye-mind relationship can be beneficial and added value in learning human behavior. Prior studies have suggested that the cognitive processing and affective information affect the size of pupils in humans. Significantly, this study focus on the behavior of positive emotion by using eye tracking technique to observe the eye-mind relation. It is hypothesized from this observation that the visual attention of the gazing behavior will affect the pupil dilation and will further provide evidence of the human mind triggered emotion. Ten subjects’ pupil responses were measured while watching interesting and amusing emotional clips. The results showed that the fixation duration and pupil dilation significantly different between each video stimulation. These results suggest that the measurement of eye fixation is a potential computer input for detecting emotional state.
 L. Yan, X. Wen, L. Zhang, and Y. Son, “The application of unascertained measure to the video emotion type recognition,” in 2nd International Conference on Signal Processing Systems, Dalian, China, 2010, pp. V2-447-V2-451.
 P. Rosa, “What do your eyes say? Bridging eye movements to consumer behavior”, International Journal of Psychological Research, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 90-103, 2015.
 H. Zamani, A. Abas and M. K. M.Amin, “Eye Tracking Application on Emotion Analysis for Marketing Strategy”, Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering, vol. 8, no. 11, pp. 87-91, 2016.
 G. L. Lohse and E. J. Johnson, “A comparison of two process tracing methods for choice tasks,” Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, vol. 68, no. 1, pp. 28-43, 1996.
 C. Zong and M. Chetouani, “Hilbert-Huang transform based physiological signals analysis for emotion recognition,” in International Symposium on Signal Processing and Information Technology, Ajman, United Arab Emirates, 2009, pp. 334–339.
 S. Alghowinem, M. AlShehri, R. Goecke, and M. Wagner, “Exploring eye activity as an indication of emotional states using an eye-tracking sensor,” in Intelligent systems for science and information, Studies in Computational Intelligence, vol. 542, S. Alghowinem, M. AlShehri, R. Goecke and M. Wagner, Switzerland AG: Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp. 261-276.
 T. Partala, M. Jokiniemi, and V. Surakka, “Pupillary responses to emotionally provocative stimuli,” in the Proceedings of the Symposium on Eye Tracking Research and Applications, Florida, USA, 2000, pp. 123–129.
 C. Sharma and S. K. Dubey, “Analysis of eye tracking techniques in usability and HCI perspective,” in International Conference on Computing for Sustainable Global Development, New Delhi, India, 2014, pp. 607-612
 P. Binda, M. Pereverzeva, and S. O. Murray,” Pupil size reflects the focus of feature-based attention”, Journal of Neurophysiology, vol. 112, no. 12, pp. 3046-3052, 2014.
 J. Scheirer, R. Fernandez, J. Klein, and R. W. Picard, “Frustrating the user on purpose: a step toward building an affective computer,” Interacting with computers, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 93-118, 2002.
 T. Partala and V. Surakka, “Pupil size variation as an indication of affective processing,” International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 185-198, 2003.
 S. Mathôt and S. Van der Stigchel, “New Light on the Mind’s Eye: The Pupillary Light Response as Active Vision”, Current Directions in Psychological Science, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 374-378, 2015.
 J.F. Rauthmann, C.T. Seubert, P. Sachse and M.R. Furtner,”Eyes as windows to the soul: Gazing behavior is related to personality”, Journal of Research in Personality, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 147-156, 2012.
 M. M. Bradley, L. Miccoli, M. A. Escrig, and P. J. Lang, “The pupil as a measure of emotional arousal and autonomic activation,” Psychophysiology, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 602-607, 2008.
 S. Amemiya and K. Ohtomo,” Effect of the observed pupil size on the amygdala of the beholders”, Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 332-341, 2012.
 S. M. Berends, S. M. Brouwer and S. A. Sprenger, “Eye-Tracking and the Visual World Paradigm”, in Designing Research on Bilingual Development, Behavioral and Neurolinguistic Experiments, M.S. Schmid, S.M. Berends, C. Bergmann, S.M. Brouwer, N. Meulman, B. Seton, S. Sprenger and L. Stowe, Switzerland AG: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 55-80.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors transfer copyright to the publisher as part of a journal publishing agreement with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after the manuscript is accepted, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).