MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF JUTE FABRIC LAMINATED FOR PIPE SHAPE STRUCTURE REINFORCED UNSURATED POLYESTER RESIN MATRIX COMPOSITES
Natural fibre in composite material is one of the most researched areas today. An experimental investigation was conducted to explore mechanical properties of jute fabric laminated for pipe shape structure composite. In this study, the composite was made using jute fabric that acted as a reinforcement and polyester resin as its matrix. The jute pipe composite was fabricated using hand lay-up technique and followed by vacuum bagging technique. The jute pipe shape structure was fabricated with 1 ply fabric (S/N1) until 5 ply jute fabric (S/N5). The improvement of tensile strength was found at S/N3 and S/N4 with approximately 54.80 % increment compared to S/N1. Hence, improvement of the composite strength was noted when the fibers were gradually added into the composites and homogeneously distributed throughout the composites. However, the mechanical properties were lessened as the number of jute mat layers increased from 1 to five layers of jute fabric (S/N 5). The results of this study indicated that the mechanical properties of jute laminated pipe shape structure composite with four layer of jute mat (S/N 4) at 56.47 % appeared as the most potentially improved properties compared to S/N 1. The findings may facilitate improvements in utilizing the natural fibre for structure materials.
R. Yahaya, S.M. Sapuan, M. Jawaid, Z. Leman, and E.S. Zainudin, “Review of Kenaf Reinforced Hybrid Biocomposites: Potential for Defence Applications”, Current Analytical Chemistry, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 226-240, 2018.
M.Y. Yuhazri, M.H. Amirhafizan, A. Abdullah, S.H. Yahaya and S.T.W. Lau, “Potentiality of Utilising Non-Woven Kenaf Fibre Composite for Car Door Map Pocket”, Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 129-138, 2017.
C. Alves, P. M. C. Ferrão, A. J. Silva, L. G. Reis, M. Freitas, L. B. Rodrigues and D. E. Alves, “Ecodesign of automotive components making use of natural jute fiber composites,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 313–327, 2010.
N.M. Aly, “A review on utilization of textile composites in transportation towards sustainability”, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 254, no. 4, pp. 042002, 2017.
O. Akampumuza, P. Wambua, A. Ahmed, W.Li and X.H. Qin, “Review of the applications of biocomposites in the automotive industry”, Polymer Composites, vol. 38, no. 11, pp.2553-2569, 2017.
S. Ferdous and M.S Hossain, “Natural Fibre Composite (NFC): New Gateway for Jute, Kenaf and Allied Fibres in Automobiles and Infrastructure Sector”, World Journal of Research an Review, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 35-42, 2017.
G. Raval and M. Kansagra, “Effects of Jute Fibers on Fiber-Reinforced concrete”, International Journal of Innovative and Emerging Research in Engineering, vol. 4, no. 8, pp. 7-12, 2017.
P.K. Bajpai, K. Ram, L.K. Gahlot and V.K. Jha, “Fabrication of Glass/Jute/Epoxy Composite Based Industrial Safety Helmet”, Materials Today: Proceedings, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 8699-8706, 2018.
T. Sen and A Paul, “Confining concrete with sisal and jute FRP as alternatives for CFRP and GFRP”, International journal of sustanable built environment, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 248-264, 2015.
A.P. Irawan, T.P. Soemardi, K. Widjajalaksmi and A.H.S. Reksoprodjo, “Tensile and flexural strength of ramie fiber reinforced epoxy composites for socket prosthesis application”, International Journal on Mechanical and Material Engineering, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 46-50, 2011.
M. Yuhazri and H. Sihombing, “Mechanical Properties of Kenaf/Polyster Composites”, International Journal of Engineering & Technology, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 127-131, 2011.
S.A. Hussain, V. Pandurangadu and K. Palanikuamr, “Mechanical properties of green coconut fiber reinforced HDPE polymer composite”, International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, vol. 3, no. 11, pp. 7942-7952, 2011.
B.H. Lee, H.J. Kim and W.R. Yu, “Fabrication of long and discontinuous natural fiber reinforced polypropylene biocomposites and their mechanical properties”, Fibers and Polymers, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 83-90, 2009.
A.F. Hamed, M.M. Hamdan, B.B. Sahari and S.M. Sapuan, “Experimental characterization of filament wound glass/epoxy and carbon/epoxy composite materials”, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 76-87, 2008.