Design and Modelling of Wave Energy Converter and Power Take-Off System

  • E. Chuah
  • K. Magaswaran
  • M.Z. Hassan


Ocean wave energy contains the largest energy density amongst all renewable energy. In Malaysia, the highest wave energy in the South China Sea is 12kW with maximum wave amplitude of 2 meters. This paper presents the design and modelling of wave energy converter and power take-off system that suitable for Malaysia in order to obtain the highest output of electrical power. A point absorber made up of a floating buoy connected by a fibre rope is used as wave energy converter. Linear permanent magnet generator has been used as the power-take-off system. This generator exploits directly the incoming sea wave vertical motion. This wave energy converter and power-take-off model have been developed and implement in Matlab. The model included wave energy, buoy water interaction, and linear generator. To extract highest wave energy, different parameters have been applied to the linear generator. Simulation results are presented showing three effects of three different parameters; winding coil turns, magnetic field strength and tooth width of the stator.


Download data is not yet available.


N. Muda and J.P. Tey, “On prediction of depreciation time of fossil fuel in Malaysia”, Journal of Mathematics and Statistics, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 136-143, 2012.

M.M. Ahmed and M. Sulaiman, “Design and proper sizing of solar energy schemes for electricity production in Malaysia”, in National Power and Energy Conference, 2003, pp. 268-271.

M.B. Farriz, A.N. Azmi, N.A.M. Said, A. Ahmad and K.A. Baharin, “A study on the wind as a potential of renewable energy sources in Malaysia”, in International Conference on Electrical Engineering / Electronics Computer Telecommunications and Information Technology, Chiang Mai Thailand, 2010, pp. 651-655.

N. Raman, I. Hussein and K. Palanisamy, “Micro hydro potential in West Malaysia”, in The 3rd International Conference on Energy and Environment, Melaka, Malaysia, 2009, pp. 348-359.

S. K. Cheng and G. Lalchand, “A review on sustainable power generation in Malaysia to 2030: Historical perspective, current assessment, and future strategies”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 29, pp. 952-960, 2014.

N.H. Samrat, N. Ahmad and Z. Taha, “Prospect of wave energy in Malaysia”, in IEEE 8th International Power Engineering and Optimization Conference, Langkawi, Malaysia, 2014, pp. 127-132.

T.J. Hammons, “Tidal power in The UK and worldwide to reduce greenhouse gas emissions”, International Journal of Engineering Business Management, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 16-28, 2008.

M. Richter, M.E. Magana, O. Sawodny and T.K.A. Brekken, “Power optimisation of a point absorber wave energy converter by means of linear model predictive control”, IET Renewable Power Generation, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 203-215, 2014.

A. M. Muzathink, W.B. Wan Nik, M.Z. Ibrahim and K.B. Samo, “Wave energy potential of peninsular Malaysia”, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol. 5, no. 7, pp.11-23, 2010.

O. Yaakob, T.A. Rashid, T. Mohd Ariff, A. Mukti and M. Afifi, “Prospects for ocean energy in Malaysia”, in International conference on energy and environment, 2006, pp. 62-68.

J.L. Vilatte, “Implementing agreement on ocean energy systems”, in Ocean Energy Systems Annual Report, Lisbon, Portugal, 2013.

H.Y. Chong, W.H. Lam, “Ocean renewable energy in Malaysia: The potential of the Straits of Malacca”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 23, pp. 169-178, 2013.

H.F. Yu, Y.L. Zhang and S.M. Zheng, “Numerical study on the performance of a wave energy converter with three hinged bodies”, Renewable Energy, vol. 99, pp. 1276-1286, 2016.

M. Faizal, M.R. Ahmed and Y.H. Lee, “A design outline for floating point absorber wave energy converter”, Advances in Mechanical Engineering, vol. 6, pp. 1-18, 2014.

N.M. Tom, M.J. Lawson, Y.H. Yu and A.D. Wright, “Development of a nearshore oscillating surge wave energy converter with variable geometry”, Renewable Energy, vol. 96, pp. 410-424, 2016.

How to Cite
Chuah, E., Magaswaran, K., & Hassan, M. (1). Design and Modelling of Wave Energy Converter and Power Take-Off System. Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology (JAMT), 12(1(2), 209-222. Retrieved from