Empty Aluminium Honeycomb under Quasi-Static Loading: Experiment and Simulation
In recent years, study involving aluminium honeycomb has grown rapidly. This is due to the properties of aluminium honeycomb that are very useful in energy absorbing area. This paper focuses on compressing the aluminium honeycomb in all directions; in-plane and out-of-plane direction for both experimental and simulation work. It is found that compression in out-of-plane direction offered far superior energy absorbing characteristic compared to the in-plane directions. Factor that contributes to this difference is found to be the imperfection of the aluminium honeycomb itself. All honeycomb deformed dissimilarly base on the stiffness and direction of compression.
L. J. Gibson and M. F. Ashby, Cellular Solid: Structure and Properties. Second Edition. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
S. D. Papka and S. Kyriakides, “In-plane compressive response and crushing of honeycomb”, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 1499–1532, 1994.
S. D. Papka and S. Kyriakides, “Experiments and full-scale numerical simulations of in-plane crushing of a honeycomb”, Acta Materialia, vol. 46, no. 8, pp. 2765–2776, 1998.
L. Hu, F. You and T. Yu, “Effect of cell-wall angle on the in-plane crushing behaviour of hexagonal honeycombs”, Material & Design, vol. 46, pp. 511–523, 2013a.
L. L. Hu and T. X. Yu, “Mechanical behavior of hexagonal honeycombs under low-velocity impact - theory and simulations”, International Journal of Solids and Structures, vol. 50, no. 20–21, pp. 3152–3165, 2013b.
L. Hu, F. You and T. Yu, “Analyses on the dynamic strength of honeycombs under the y-directional crushing”, Material & Design., vol. 53, pp. 293–301, 2014.
A. Ajdari, H. Nayeb-Hashemi and A. Vaziri, “Dynamic crushing and energy absorption of regular, irregular and functionally graded cellular structures”, International Journal of Solids and Structures, vol. 48, no. 3–4, pp. 506–516, 2011.
M. R. Said and C. Tan, “Aluminium honeycomb under quasi-static compressive loading: an experimental investigation”, Suranaree Journal of Science and Technology, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 2009.
G. Cricrì, M. Perrella and C. Calì, “Honeycomb failure processes under in-plane loading”, Composite Part B: Engineering, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 1079–1090, 2013.
M. K. Khan, T. Baig and S. Mirza, “Experimental investigation of in-plane and out-of-plane crushing of aluminum honeycomb”, Material Science and Engineering: A, vol. 539, pp. 135–142, 2012.
S. Deqiang, Z. Weihong and W. Yanbin, “Mean out-of-plane dynamic plateau stresses of hexagonal honeycomb cores under impact loadings”, Composite Structures, vol. 92, no. 11, pp. 2609–2621, 2010.
A. A. Nia and M. Z. Sadeghi, “The effects of foam filling on compressive response of hexagonal cell aluminum honeycombs under axial loading-experimental study”, Materials & Design, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 1216–1230, 2010.
A. Wilbert, W. Y. Jang, S. Kyriakides and J. F. Floccari, “Buckling and progressive crushing of laterally loaded honeycomb”, International Journal of Solids and Structures, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 803–816, 2011.
R. J. D’Mello and A. M. Waas, “Inplane crush response and energy absorption of circular cell honeycomb filled with elastomer”, Composite Structure, vol. 106, pp. 491–501, 2013.
G. Lu and T. Yu, Energy Absorption of Structures and Materials, First Edition. Woodhead Publishing Limited and CRC Press LLC, 2003.
R. K. Mc Farland, “Hexagonal cell structures under post-buckling”, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Journal, vol. 1, no. 6, pp. 1380–1385, 1963.
T. Wierzbicki, “Crushing Analysis of Metal Honeycombs”, International Journal of Impact Engineering, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 157–174, 1983.
X. Zhang, H. Zhang and Z. Wen, “Experimental and numerical studies on the crush resistance of aluminum honeycombs with various cell configurations”, International Journal of Impact Engineering, vol. 66, pp. 48–59, 2014.
M. Yamashita and M. Gotoh, “Impact behavior of honeycomb structures with various cell specifications - Numerical simulation and experiment”, International Journal of Impact Engineering, vol. 32, no. 1–4, pp. 618–630, 2006.
A. Aktay, A. F. Johnson and B. H. Kroplin, “Numerical modeling of honeycomb core crush behavior”, Engineering Fracture Mechanics, vol. 75, no. 9, pp. 26216–2630, 2008.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors transfer copyright to the publisher as part of a journal publishing agreement with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after the manuscript is accepted, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).